Updated on May 25, 2023
Planning For Pond Construction
Before you begin Pond Construction, you should decide on the location. Depending on what you plan to use your pond for, you may want to choose a location close to a stream or pasture. This way, you will be closer to water supplies for irrigation and fire protection. Landscaping ponds should be built in an area where the pond will fit into the landscape and away from areas that may be contaminated.
Before you begin pond construction, you should prepare the dike area by clearing vegetation and topsoil from the site. This will help to make the walls more stable and prevent soil erosion. To begin, you must clear the site of stumps, small rocks, and roots that could interfere with pond construction. Then, you should remove 2 feet of topsoil so that you can create a dike system. This soil has a large concentration of organic material and roots.
The type of soil you choose will determine the quality and functionality of your pond. Soils that are rich in clay and other natural materials are preferable for pond construction. However, if there are no natural springs nearby, you can depend on overland runoff to provide water to your pond. Runoff from land can also introduce excess silt and nutrients that can cause difficult water quality problems. Also, water flowing from the land is generally warmer than spring water, which limits the variety of aquatic life that can live in your pond.
When planning for a pond, you should first determine the location of the pond. If the pond is situated near a stream or river, you will need a taller embankment to prevent water from escaping. You can easily create a taller dike by using the sand from the digging process. It may also be necessary to construct a swale to prevent the pond from overflowing.
Finding a reputable pond construction contractor can be tricky. You need to research local pond builders and ask for references. Ask neighbors about their pond construction contractors, and be sure to check their licenses and insurances to make sure they are reputable and reliable. You should also find out whether they have adequate liability insurance and experience building ponds for your intended use. Soil and water conservation district offices can also provide references for reputable pond builders.
If you are a landowner, consider taking a MU Extension pond construction class. This class is free and will give you an understanding of the many benefits that a pond can bring to your property. If done correctly, a pond can even increase your property value. MU Extension offers classes online via Zoom. The online format of the class allows for open discussion and questions. For more information about pond construction, check out the class details below.
There are a few main types of ponds. One type is known as a walled pond, and it’s usually surrounded by concrete walls. Another option is a seepage pond. If you have a spring nearby, this type of pond will usually be fed by surface water such as a stream or runoff. The other two types of ponds are called undrainable ponds and require pumping water out of the sloping ground.
If you’re building a more basic pond, a budget liner can be a great option. These plastic or fiberglass pond liners are highly durable and can be used in many different styles and shapes. However, if you’re planning on using a more elaborate pond, you can use a gley technique developed in the USSR. It involves covering the pond’s bottom with animal manure, banana leaves, cut grasses, and soil. After covering the pond with a gley liner, allow it to sit for two to three weeks before you fill it with water.
Another type of pond construction involves building a spillway. A spillway is necessary if you want to keep the pond safe from flooding. You should also consider how deep your pond is. A large pond may hold thousands of gallons of water and need a spillway to keep it safe from damage. When building an earthen structure, it is important to consider the 100-year flood potential and design your pond accordingly.
If you are planning on building a pond on a farm, you should first understand what type of pond you’ll need and how you’ll fill it. Most ponds are constructed in drainage basins on gently sloping land. The dam is then constructed from the earth excavated from the basin. Ideally, the pond will have a minimum clay content of 20 percent. If you don’t know this, you should consult with a professional to learn more.